| Mass Adjutant Generals Report of 1863,
pages 626 -637, The Fifteenth Regiment.
The Fifteenth regiment was organized and
The regiment went into winter-quarters near
On the 28th day of April, the First and Third Divisions of the Second Corps moved towards “Kelly’s Ford,” leaving the Second Division, of which the Fifteenth Regiment forms a part, to picket the line formerly occupied by the corps.
On Saturday, the 2d of May, orders came to the
fifteenth regiment about 12 o’clock (midnight) to move.
the regiment marched to the “Lacy House,” and, at a
little before sunrise, the Second Division crossed the
The regiment camped on the banks of the river until the eighth instant, when we moved half a mile to the rear, to get better ground for camping purposes. Here the regiment remained, doing picket duty along the river, until Sunday, the 14th of June, it moved about 9 o’clock, P. M., towards Stafford Court House. After going three miles, it countermarched , and returned to our old camp, and bivouacked until 3, A. M. of the 15th, when it again started, passing Stafford court house about 11 A. M. The day was excessively hot, and the roads dusty, and a great portion of the way leading through valleys shut out from air and terribly exposed to the hot rays of the sun, which told fearfully on the men. Halted about 6, P. M., for the night; having made the distance of eighteen mile.
Moved about 3 o’clock, A. M., passing Dumfries at 8, and
arrived at the
June 20. The
regiment moved to Thoroughfare Gap, a distance of eighteen miles,
arriving there about midnight, after a tedious march.
It remained there until the 25th.
Our forces moved towards the
On the morning of the 26th, the
regiment marched to Edward’s Ferry, where, after many wearisome
halts, it crossed the
On the 27th, marched about 3, P. M.
Bivouacked at 11 P. M.,
June 28th. Marched to
Moved at 8, A. M., and bivouacked at 9, P. M. near
Tuesday, June 30th. The regular muster for pay was made, and the order of General Meade, assuming command of the army published.
Started at 8, A. M., and marched to Taneytown.
About noon, heavy cannonading was heard to the northward.
The troops were at once put in motion, and marched rapidly
Thursday, July 2d. The regiment started an hour before daylight for the battlefield, and got into position about sunrise, behind Cemetery Ridge, where a large portion of the Second Corps was massed. Though there was constant skirmishing, no demonstration of any importance was made from either side, until about 1,p. M., when the enemy opened fire with artillery on the Second Corps, bursting their shells with great accuracy over its position. The Fifteenth with another regiment of the brigade , was now moved out to position full three hundred yards in front of the main line; here, a barricade of rails was hastily thrown up. About sunset, the enemy made a furious assault upon our lines. Having driven the Third Corps they speedily gained the flank of the advanced detachment of the Second. The batteries on the ridge opened on their advance with grape and case shot; but through some deplorable mistake, most of the shots fell short and tore with destructive effect through the ranks of the Fifteenth. exposed thus to a fire in front, flank, and rear, the regiment was forced after considerable loss, to fall back to the position behind the ridge. The regiment bivouacked on the battlefield.
On Friday, July 3, the rebels opened on our lines with over a hundred pieces of artillery, at about 1, P. M. This terrible fire was continued for over two hours; but though the air seemed filled with fragments of bursting shells, but comparatively little damage was done. At 3 P. M., the rebel infantry moved to the assault. Our men sprang promptly to meet them, glad at the prospect of work, relieving them from their painful recumbent position, which a boiling sun rendered the more intolerable. this contest lasted an hour or two; during which both armies showed a determination to hold its ground, regardless of the results. A slight wavering of the rebel line was detected, and at the suggestion of Colonel Hall commanding Third Brigade, the colors of the Fifteenth were ordered to advance, when the remnant of the regiment rallied promptly around them, and the whole line, as if moved by one impulse, rushed forward, and carried the position. The regiment was sent out to picket the field; and at daylight on the morning of the 4th, skirmishing commenced, and continued until the regiment was relieved, at 8 o’clock. the regiment went into action with 18 officer and 224 enlisted men. during the three days, it lost 3 officers( Colonel Ward and captains Murkland and Jorgensen) killed, and 8 officers wounded, and 19 enlisted men killed and 85 wounded, many of whom have since died. Saturday, July 4th, was spent on the field.
At 2, P. M. Sunday, July 5th, the
regiment left the battle ground, and marched to “Two Taverns,” a
distance of six miles, where it remained until the morning of the 7th,
when it moved five miles farther to Taneytown.
Leaving Taneytown on the eighth, in a pouring rain the march
was continued over horrible roads, through Woodsborough to the
The march was resumed at an early hour; crossed
On the 12th the regiment took its
position in the line of the Second corps in front of the enemy, and
built a strong breastwork of earth and logs behind which it lay
until the morning of the 14th, when the enemy having
retreated across the river, our forces moved up and occupied
July 16th, moved about five miles to Pleasant Valley, and camped until the 18th, when crossing the Potomac and Shenandoah Rivers at Harpers Ferry, the line of march was taken up down Loudon Valley over the same ground traveled in the fall campaign of the previous year. Distance marched this day, ten miles.
July 19th, moved about eight miles to the vicinity of Snicker’s Gap.
July 20th, moved six miles to
On the 23d moved to Markham Station on the Manassas Gap Railroad; here a halt of some hours was made. Meantime, a portion of the Third Corps having become engaged with the enemy at Manassas Gap, the Second Corp was started to their assistance. Hurrying as fast as possible over paths frightfully rough, it reached the scene of the conflict about midnight, when the exhausted men were allowed to make coffee, and bivouac for the remainder of the night. Distance marched this day, seventeen miles.
On the 24th, the rebels having retreated, our forces began to move out of the Gap. The Fifteenth bivouacked at Markham Station, five miles back.
On the 25th, marched to
August 4th, moved one mile toward Bealton Station, for the purpose of getting better ground for camping purposes; weather excessively hot.
August 15th, received one hundred and seventy-nine recruits under the “Conscript Act.”
August 18th, again changed our camping ground by moving about one mile in a northerly direction; these camps being known as “Camp near Morrisville.”
August 30th, orders came for the
regiment to be ready to move at 3 o’clock, A. M. of the 31st.
The Second Corps marched at that hour towards
September 12th, the regiment broke camp at 10 o’clock, A. M., and with the rest of the Second Corps, marched to Bealton station and bivouacked near the railroad.
September 13th, very rainy in
forenoon. The regiment
moved at & A. M., and crossed the Rappahannock at Rappahannock
Station, the Second Corps being a support to the cavalry, which was
advancing toward Culpepper Court House, which place we reached at 4
o’clock P. M. Remained
here until the 16th, when the regiment moved out through
the town one mile and a half in a westerly direction, and was
directed to go into camp; all the while rapid Cannonading was
distinctly heard towards Raccoon Ford on the Rapidan River.
The men has scarcely got their tents pitched, when orders
came to be ready to move at a moments notice.
Every man laid himself down that night with a feeling that he
would be called upon to meet the enemy on the anniversary of the
bloody battle of
September 17th, orders came to move
at 5 o’clock, A. M., when the regiment moved towards Raccoon Ford,
where it arrived about noon. The
Second Corps relieved the cavalry, and picketed along the river from
the ford to
October 5th, The Second Corps was relieved by the Sixth Corps, and the regiment marched on the 6th back to Culpepper, and encamped about a mile north of the town. Oct 10th, orders were received about noon to strike tents immediately, and the regiment had scarcely got packed up, when the bugle sounded the “assembly”; lines were formed and marched out some four miles west of the ground occupied, and formed a line of battle along a piece of woods, stacked arms, and bivouacked in rear of the stacks.
October 11, turned out at half past one A. M. , and moved at 2 o’clock via Brandy Station to Rappahannock Station recrossed the river about noon, and moved out one mile north of Bealton Station.
October `12th, the regiment received orders at one o’clock, P. M. , to move immediately. Proceeded back to Rappahannock Station and again crossed the river, and moved in line of battle to within some two miles of Brandy Station. Halted at sunset and bivouacked. At 12 o’clock, (midnight) the regiment received orders to turn out and move at once. Again marched back to Rappahannock Station and recrossed the river, and took up a line of march via Bealton Station towards Sulphur Springs, where our cavalry had been repulsed the day previous by the enemy’s infantry. Arrived within about two miles of that place, at 7 o’clock, A. M., when the Second Corps was massed by divisions, stacked arms and rested till about noon, when the regiment together with the rest of the corps moved toward Warrenton Junction, which place was reached about dark, and bivouacked for the night, to enable the baggage trains to get well out of the way, that they might not interfere with the march of he troops.
October 14th, moved at 5 o’clock,
A. M., for Manassas Junction. While
The regiment moved at 7 o’clock, A. M. , via Manassas
Junction, and halted about 2, P. M.,
1 ½ miles north of Bristow station, and bivouacked for the
night. Marched at 6, A.
M.., October 20th,
November 8th. Turned out at 5 o’clock, A. M., and crossed the river on pontoon bridges about sunrise. The Second Division advanced in line of battle, by brigade, (this regiment being in the second line) about one mile, then moved in a westerly direction some three miles, halting at intervals, while our skirmishers were advancing slowly. At 4 o’clock, P. M., pitched tents, and remained here until the 10th, when the regiment moved some 2 ½ miles west, and occupied the partially built barracks of the “Stonewall” Brigade of the rebel General Picket’s division. This camp was known as “Camp near Brandy Station.” Remained here till November 24th. Orders came the night previous, to march at 5, A. M. The regiment moved at that hour, and soon after, it commenced raining. When about two miles out, it rained in torrents; and the troops were ordered back to camp.
Marching orders were again received, and the regiment moved
at 6 o’clock, A. M., and proceeded to “Germania Ford,” on the
November 27. Turned out at 5 o’clock, A. M. and marched at sunrise; making a rapid march to “Robertson’s Tavern,” a distance of six miles, where the second Brigade of our division was already skirmishing with the enemy. Almost immediately, this regiment was deployed as skirmishers, joining on the right of the Second brigade. The regiment exchanged but few shots with the enemy for some two hours, when the order came to advance our line, and in so doing, the right and center became briskly engaged, the enemy at once throwing forward a line of battle which compelled it to retire to its original position, where, with the help of our supports, we held them in check and finally drove them back. in this skirmish, the regiment lost two officers wounded, 1 mortally, and 1 missing (Lieutenant Colonel Joslin,) taken prisoner; 9 enlisted men were wounded, and 6 enlisted men missing. The regiment was again ordered to advance about sunset, supported by a line of battle, to open the road by which General French, of the Third Corps, was expected to arrive; in doing which it received two volleys from the enemy, but owing to the nature of the ground, their shots went harmlessly over our heads, and we gained the desired position, where we remained until half-past 9 o’clock, P. M., when the regiment was relieved, and bivouacked in the second line of battle.
a line of battle was formed by divisions, and advanced (this
regiment in the front line) about 11/4 miles through the woods, when
we came up to their fortifications.
Halted and stacked arms, and remained until the morning of
the 29th(bivouacking by the stacks) when the regiment
moved to the left, with the rest of the second Corps, to a point
some three miles below “
November 30. turned out at 2 o’clock, A. M., and moved out in front of the fortifications, which the Second and Third Corps, and one division of the Sixth Corps, expected to assault at 8, A. M. The enemy having anticipated the movement, were re-enforced to such an extent with both artillery and infantry, that the assault was abandoned and the line withdrawn after dark, about half a mile to the rear.
December 1. The regiment laid in line of battle most of the day, and at 7, P. M., was ordered to relieve another regiment of the brigade in the front line, and at 9 o’clock, P. M. were withdrawn and marched to Ely’s ford, on the Rapidan, which place was reached about 8 o’clock, on December 2d; crossed the pontoon bridge; halted to make coffee at 11, A. M.., and moved again at 1, P. M. and reached our old camp near Brandy Station at 9 o’clock P. M., having been twenty-four hours on the march.
December 5. The regiment moved to a position one mile south of Stevensburg.
Moved back about one mile north of
December 20. The men having generally completed their log housed, and are comfortably situated. Heavy details are made daily for fatigue duty, building and repairing roads and bridges.